Skip to content

For non-permanent residents in Beijing, 2014 school admissions is a lottery

January 28, 2015

konjaku: if families well-off enough to buy a residence in the suburbs are finding school resources strained, this is also a problem for those families who have moved to Beijing to find employment, but whose registered permanent residence (hukou) is in their hometown.

In Beijing, going from kindergarden to first grade now has an additional hurdle to jump: for non-permanent residents, it changes from five proofs to ten proofs

Source: Duozhi net, author: Wang Yujia


In some districts of Beijing, the “stakes have been raised” on applying to first grade. The head of household was originally required to furnish five proofs, now it is ten proofs. After these have been examined and verified, the children are further required to enter a lottery, and those who do not win in drawing lots are not admitted to school.

Beijing city policy requires that for non-permanent residents, the parent must provide five proofs: proof of current employment in Beijing, proof of domicile within Beijing, the permanent-residence booklet for the whole family, the temporary residence permit, and proof that at the registered permanent residence [the hometown of the migrant family] there is no guardian who can support the child’s schooling at that location.

But this year many districts, for instance, Changyang, Daxing, Tongzhou, etc., have implemented more detailed regulations, and added many more conditions. A head of household in Changyang told this newspaper that in addition to the five proofs, they must also show that both the father and mother of the child have paid social security, that they have paid the rental tax, they must show their rental contract, they must show proof that their temporary residence permit has not expired, and if they have a business, they must show all relevant certificates and permits.

If all these proofs are transacted successfully, the child is still not yet capable of securing a spot in a Beijing primary school.

Taking Tongzhou as an example, on 6-15, Tongzhou Yunhe Primary School suddenly informed non-permanent resident families that even those who had all their documents verified, still would not be given a school interview, and that the Tonhzhou Educational Testing Center would be in charge of managing their school admissions. It said there were still places at other schools in the area, such as the Shijia School Tongzhou branch campus.

A Yunhe Primary School representative told the media that, “the Education Commission allotted us 360 places for entering students, at present our spots are all filled. From the inforation we have received, we understand that non-permanent residents will be subject to a lottery, which will determine which school they go to.” However, the staff member was vague on the details of how the lottery would work, or how many families would be chosen. The same staff member said, according to this year’s Tongzhou district Education Commission policy regarding entering first grade, the families of non-permanent resident children must take the initiative to contact schools themselves, “there is not one consistent explanation across different school zones.”

Beijing this year tightens its school admissions policy for non-permanent residents

Source: Beijing Evening News

On 05-01, the Beijing Education Commission activated the Compulsory Education School Admissions Service Portal. Every year the head of household of a child that has turned six, can enroll by filing out basic information in a form on this webpage, The Education Commission stresses that this year those who do not fill out their information on this page will not be admitted to a school. This policy item also applies to non-permanent residents, including those who plan to go to a non-governmental school(a school organized locally, not a public school). This reporter has discovered that a certain number of families of non-permanent resident children, especially those going to a non-governmental school, or a school set up for the children of temporary workers, have little awareness of this process of filling in information. They also do not know, due to the fact that the school registration network is now organized nationally, that if they do not fill out their information, they will not only not be allowed to attend school in Beijing, they will also not be able to attend a school in another province.

This year in Beijing, there will be 17,6000 students entering primary school, an increase of 10,000 compared to last year. The data shows that in 2011, of 95,000 new primary school students, already 47% were made of children of non-permanent residents. This year the percent of junior middle school graduates who are non-permanent residents is 33.4%. This indicates that the majority who start their education in the city eventually opt to go back to their hometown to complete their studies.

Requirements for non-permanent residents will be tougher than ever this year, going beyond the “five proofs.”. In Xicheng District, for a child to fulfill the requirements, they must show that both mother and father reside in Xicheng, both mother and father are employed in Beijing, that both mother and father have temporary residence permits in Xicheng. In other words, if only one parent has any one of these things but not the other, the child’s information will not be considered as verified.

In Dongcheng District, both parents “must work in Dongcheng, both must live in Dongcheng, both must have temporary resident permits in Dongcheng.” In other words, they are required not only to live in Dongcheng, but even to be employed there.

A person on the inside warns non-permanent residents, they should quickly ascertain whether or not they fulfill the requirements of the district they live in. If they do not, they should quickly return to their hometown and transact the school admissions process there. If they harbor the notion of just trusting to luck, if they do not record their information and fill out the school registration form on the website, and stealthily look for a non-governmental school to attend on a temporary basis, then at a later date, when they try and transfer to the school in their hometown, they will not be admitted.

School Registry Information National Network


As mentioned above, starting last year, the Ministry of Education has established a “National Primary School Student School Registration Information Management System.” Every one of the 200 million primary students will be given a school registration number which will not change during their lifetimes. The purpose of this system is to ensure that school registration information is completely factual, that the basic information on each student and their school situation is recorded in a timely fashion. It is also to guarantee that all the data is updated periodically, and that statistics extracted from the data are accurate. It is meant to prevent the situation in which student leave one school without notification, and go to another school without registering and therefore slip out of the database. There will be “one person, one number” accompanying the individual for his or her entire life.

This system started in the first month of this year. If a student transfers to another school, the head of household must provide the student’s name, identity card, and the student’s school registration number, which is unique to that one individual. It is especially important to note that without first getting a school registration number by filling out the form in the national system, in the future the student will not be able to transfer to another school, and make it difficult to take entrance exams for a higher school. Reporter Li Li.

konjaku: The Changyang requirement that parents have paid social security, is an attempt to ensure that these persons have paid a “local tax,” that is, social security payments to a Changyang government office. If the children are going to have the advantage of attending public school in Changyang, the parents are supposed to pay taxes, of some kind or another, in Changyang.

The lottery system is essentially a way of forcing one parent, most likely the mother, to return to her registered permanent residence and enroll her child in school there.

From → Uncategorized

Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: